aprilie 11, 2011

Welcome to Mărginimea Sibiului!

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* fondul muzical - Sinel Ioan DragulinDescarca fisierul audio in format MP3 
  


Traditii Sibiene


                                                              

CINDRELUL-JUNII SIBIULUI

Ansamblul Folcloric Profesionist


Cea mai veche formaţie de dansuri populare a României, devenită patrimoniu universal: Junii Sibiului. S-au născut în 1944, din iniţiativa maestrului coregraf Ioan Macrea, şi s-au transformat în mers din formaţie de amatori, la început bărbătească, apoi mixtă, în Ansamblu 
Profesionist Naţional (1991).



* fondul muzical - Sinel Ioan DragulinDescarca fisierul audio in format MP3 

www.juniisibiului.ro/


Mărginimea Sibiului (maghiară: Szeben-Hegyalja, germană Hermannstädter Randgebiet) este o zonă care include 18 localităţi din România aflate în partea de sud-vest a judeţului Sibiu din Transilvania, toate având o moştenire etnologică, culturală, arhitecturală şi istorică unică.

Marginimea Sibiului is a unique ethnographic area in Romania situated west of Sibiu, limited in the southern part by Sadu valley and north by Saliste valley including 18 villages: Boita, Sadu, Rau Sadului, Talmaciu, Talmacel, Rasinari, Poplaca, Gura Raului, Orlat, Fantanele, Sibiel, Vale, Saliste, Gales, Tilisca, Rod, Poiana Sibiului and Jina.



 The geopolitical position of the area, situated on the southern border of Transylvania with Tara Româneasca and nearby Sibiu, a very strong crafts and commercial center, offered to Marginimea Sibiului several characteristic traits. The villages developed a mixed economical life, based on agriculture, raising animals and traditional crafts, with a particular accent on sheep raising. The greater part of the villages in this area preserved strong spiritual and ethno-folkloric traditions. Although modern constructions progressively replaced the old and traditional ones, the atmosphere in Marginimea Sibiului remained unaltered. 
The festive costumes of a rare elegance, embroidered in black and white, are proudly worn during the holidays and the crafts inherited from generation to generation are still practiced nowadays with great success. Starting a long time ago, these populations of sheep raisers have always been and still are masters in the processing of wool and leather.
While visiting these lands, one has the opportunity to find old churches, museums (the museum in Sibiel, where the largest collection of glass stained icons in Europe is displayed;
The Village Museum in Rãşinari, displaying usual ceramic items, painted furniture, household and craftsmanship objects; the museum in Galeş, with an impressive collection of folkloric costumes and the Orthodox Parish Museum comprising old religious objects and books), memorial houses and traditional peasant constructions. With time, Mãrginimea Sibiului became an important highlight of the Romanian rural tourism, numerous lodging houses appearing here and offering the necessary comfort for an unforgettable stay.
The typically peasant atmosphere, the intact preservation of traditions and customs, the hospitality of the locals make these lands even more appealing.

http://www.turism.sibiu.ro/en/marginime.htm




MARGINIMEA SIBIULUI

Priceless ancient beauty

by Andrei Tudor



Because they built their houses on the former austrian-hungarian border, in southern Transylvania, where hills and mountains meet, people whose ancient traditions are still alive are called “ MARGINENI”.

Going west from Sibiu, a necklace of Romanian villages that fully enjoyed the spirit of the Saxon civilization make what is called for centuries “ Marginimea” (The Edge). On the eastern side, it starts with the Boita village, on the right bank of Olt River, at the entrance of the Olt Strait. At the west Jina marks the other end, and the waters of Sebes River border the region.
Shepherds, who live in very close communities, build pine houses, with tall roofs, protected with spinters. Here, in peace and with firmness unchanged by the passing of time, they lived on with their crafts, including dressing leather and making wool, wich are a proof of their craftsmanship. People have been growing animals since forever. Shepherds took their sheep to the pastures, farther and farther, crossing the Danube and even to Constantinopol and the Adriatic, beyond the Tisza River, in Poland, and to the east, up to the Caucasus.

Amoung the best known villages in the Marginimea Sibiului are Saliste, Sibiel, Tilisca, Rasinari, Poiana Sibiului, Mierurea Sibiului, Poplaca, Orlat, Fantanele, Jina. Here is what some of the most venerable “ birth certificates” say: Rasinari – 1204, Talmaciu – 1318, Orlat – 1322, Saliste – 1354. In this world, philosophers and writers Emil Cioran, Constantin Noica and Octavian Goga were born.

AMONG CITADELS AND ICONS

The villages kept their fortified churches . The one in Cisnadioara, built in 1233, towers over the surrounding area from the so-called Citadel Hill. The legend says that in the village of Tilisca, the Dacian citadel was built by King Burebista himself. Nearby stand the well known Cristian citadel, built in 1945 , and the Calnic citadel, towerin over the village since 1250. The Salgo citadel and the fortified Saxon churhes are also worth walking in. The tourist has to stop at the Cetatea Scurta (Short Citadel) in Orlat, built in 1317, at the paper mill in the village, the oldest of its kind in South Eastern Europe – it was built in 1524 – or at the fortified church in Dobarca. Both locals, and tourists watch them with veneration.

In Sibiel, the glass-painted icons, unique around the world, hosts over 700 pieces, wonders created by the hand of men driven by beauty and the divine. Icons are the fruit of a tradition kept for more than two centuries in Marginime.

The oldest painted church is in Saliste, built in 1674. The wooden church in Poiana Sibiului dates back in 1771, and the one in Talmacel was erected in 1776. Furthermore, the village museum in Rasibari displays its heritage – ceramics, painted furniture, tools used by housekeepers, with their relaxing and pleasing simplicity. Folk costumes were also brought together in a beautiful collection, in Gales. Also, old church books and religious items were harbored at the ortodox church’s museum.

LIFE AS A CELEBRATION

Ancient rights, made by first Romanian rulers, are still present in the conscience of the people in Marginime. Deeply and subtly knowing the nature, in which they live in harmony for centuries, they practice the natural of the things, the natural of the world. Traditions witch deep roots were consolidated, with little influence from the modern world. The locals are still proudly wearing their holiday costumes, those wonderful and elegant clothes embroided in black and white.On Sundays and for holidays, in church or on the streets, doublets and waistcoats flourish in the sunlight, with their sil-wove decorations.

Marginime lacals’ most important traditions are rediscovered during the winter holidays. ”Young men’s carols” and the “ Young men band” are unique. Traditional dances such as “Calusarii”, “ Braul” and “Sarba” are also unique. The celebrations last for 12 days, from Christmas Eve until Saint John, on January 7. The carols, one of the most ancient Romanian traditions, start with children’s songs in Marginime and later are sung by the young men bands, who embody the Bible’s wise men.

The fourth day of Christmas is marked by a large gathering: young people from Marginime and the neighboring counties – Alba, Brasov, Valcea – meet in Saliste for the Union dance.

Lasata Secului, the Orthodox equivalent of Mardi Gras, is marked by fires lit on hills close to the villages. On 23, locals celebrate “Sangeorz” (from Saint George), a tradition devoted to the regeneration of spring and life. “Sanzienele”, another ancient tradition, preserved unaltered by the modern times are celebrated on June 24. And, as we are in the shepherds empire, July 20 is the day when lambs are sheared, while August 1 is bears’s day, Mavcovei, a day of fasting. For weddings, the gates of the bride and groom’s houses are decorated, and when the time comes, the road for wedding attendants is closed.

The groom and the best man, togheter with a shinning group of goyful young men, are allowed to go to ask for the bride.

At the other and of life, when one of the locals dies, the bells ring for him or her in the village of birth…


Asculta integral interivul cu Gabriel Liiceanu

Regiuni istorice ale Romaniei 

Banat | Basarabia | Bucovina | Bugeac | Cadrilater | Crişana | Dobrogea | Maramureş |
Moldova | Muntenia | Oltenia | Transilvania | Transnistria

Subregiuni istorice: Ţara Almăjului • Ţara Bârsei • Ţara Făgăraşului • Ţara Haţegului • Ţara Hălmagiului • Ţinutul Herţa • Ţinutul Pădurenilor • Ţara Mocanilor • Ţara Moţilor • Ţara Năsăudului (incluzând Ţinutul Reghinului) • Ţara Oaşului • Ţara Oltului • Sătmar • Ţinutul Secuiesc • Mărginimea Sibiului • Ţara Zarandului •
 


Localităţi care fac parte din Mărginimea Sibiului
Oraşe Sălişte • Tălmaciu
Sate şi comune Boiţa• Fântânele • Galeş • Gura Râului • Jina • Orlat • Poiana Sibiului • Poplaca • Răşinari • Râu Sadului • Rod • Sadu • Sibiel • Tălmăcel • Tilişca • Vale



Mărginimea Sibiului

Frumuseţe veche, fără preţ

Pentru ca si-au ridiat casele pe vechea frontiera austro-ungara din sudul Transilvaniei , acolo unde se intalnesc dealul cu muntele, oamenilor, ale caror obiceiuri venind din negura timpului sunt vii si astazi, li sa spus 'margineni'.

La vest de Sibiu, o salba de sate romanesti carora le-a priit de minune aerul civilizatiei sasesti alcatuieste cea ce se numeste de secole incoace 'Marginimea'.La rasarit, ea incepe cu satul Boita, pe dreapta Oltului, acolo unde se intra in defileul purtand acelasi nume. La apus, Jina vesteste celalalt capat, iar hotar sunt apele Sebesului. Oierii, vietuind in comunitati bine inchegate, au durat case de brad, acoperisuri inalte, protejate cu sindrila. Aici, in tihna si cu temeinicie pe care surgerea vremii n-a slabit-o, ei si-au vazut mai departe de mestesuguri, intre care lucrul lanii si al pieilor a dat masura maiestriei lor.






De cand se stiu, oamenii se indeletnicesc cu cresterea animalelor. Pastorii isi duceau turmele din pasune in pasune, pana peste Dunare, chiar spre Constantinopol sau Adriatica, dincolo de Tisa in Polonia, iar spre rasarit atingeau Caucazul. Intre cele mai vestite asezari ale Marginimii Sibiului se rostesc nume ca Saliste, Sibiel, Tilisca, Rasinari, Poiana Sibiului, Miercurea Sibiului, Poplaca, Orlat, Fantanele, Jina. Iata si ce spun unele dintre cele mai venerabile 'certificate de nastere': Rasinari – 1204, Talmaciu – 1318, Orlat – 1322, Saliste – 1354. Aceasta lume i-a dat lumii mari, mai catre zilele noastre, pe Cioran, pe Noica si pe Goga.

ÎNTRE CETĂŢI ŞI ICOANE
Satele si-au pastrat bine bisericile fortificate.Cea din Cisnadioara, ridicata la 1233, domina imprejurimile, de pe inaltimea asa-numitului Deal al Cetatii. Legenda spune ca la Tilisca, cetatea dacica a fost ridicata chiar de catre regele Burebista. Acestui loc incarcat de colbul greu al istoriei i se alatura, in Marginime, cunoscuta cetate de la Cristian, cladita la 1945, ori ea de la Calnic, care dainuie tocmai din 1250. Merita de asemenea desoperite cu pasul cetatea Salgo si bisericile fortificate sasesti. Macar un popas se cere la Cetatea Scurta din Orlat (cladita la 1317), la Moara de hartie din aceeasi localitate – cea mai veche din sud-estul Europei, fiind ridicata in 1524, la biserica fortificata din Dobarca. Trecatorii, fie ei turisti ori localnici, le privesc si simt in fata lor veneratie.



La Sibiel, muzeul de icoane pe sticla, unic in lume, adaposteste peste 700 de piese, adevarate minuni zamilsite de mana omului stapanit de frumos si divin. Picturile de acest fel sunt roadele unui obicei pastrat in Maginime de mai bine de doua veacuri. Cea mai veche biserica pictata se afla la Saliste, din 1674. Biserica de lemn din Poiana Sibiului dateaza de la 1771, iar cea din Talmacel din 1776. La randul sau, muzeul satesc de la Rasinari isi infatiseaza zestrea de ceramica, mobila pictata, lucruri de-ale casei si gospodariei, in toata simplitatea lor odihnitoare si cuceritoare totodata. Costumele populare s-au adunat si dansele intr-o preafrumoasa colectie, la Gales, dupa cum cartile sfinte cu varste venerabile si obiectele de cult si-au gasit adapost la muzeul parohiei ortodoxe.


Ardealul, starea mea de spirit 

Cu care ma gandesc la tara, 

De parc-as respira lumina

Si existenta milenara.

La orice pas iti rade-o floare, 

Sub orice pas e un mormant, 

Ardealul intregind o roata 



Sub care Horia s-a frant.


Aud un clopot sus pe-o cruce, 

Batand cu limba-n ideal, 

Ca-ntr-o Duminica a tarii

Vin la biserica-n Ardeal.
de  Marin Sorescu



VIAŢA, CA OBICEI DE SĂRBĂTOARE


In constiinta oamenilor din Marginime au dainuit drepturile din batrani , venind tocmai de la cele dantai nezate romanesti . Cunoscatorii profunzi si subtili ai naturii, in inima careia traiesc armonios de sute de ani ei exerseaza mai departe, nestingheriti, firescul lucrurilor, firescul lumii. Obiceiurile, avand raacini atat de adanci, s-au consolidat, abia bagand in seama asalturile modernismului. Oamenii locului continua sa-si poarte cu mandrie straiele de sarbatoare, aceste minunate si de o eleganta desavarsita haine brodate in alb si negru. Duminica, si de sarbatori, la biserica, ori pe ulitele satelor, pieptarele si cojoacele infloresc in soare cu motive seducatoare, tesute din matase.


Cele mai importante obiceiuri ale marginenilor se redescopera cu prilejul sarbatorilor de iarna. Sunt unice “ Colindatul feciorilor” si “ Ceata junilor”. Intre dansuri, cele barbatesti precum Calusarii, Braul si Sarba, nu au nici ele pereche. Sarbatorile tin 12 zile, din Ajunul Craciunului pana la celebrarea Sfantului Ion, are se petrece pe 7 ianuarie. Colindul, obicei din cele mai vechi la toti romanii, se porneste in Marginimea Sibiului cu copii si isi desfasoara spectacolul mai departe cu cetele de flacai, care infatiseaza craii in toate zilele. In a patra zi de Craciun, are loc o mare adunare: tinerii din asezarile Marginimii, ba hiar din judetele apropiate, precum Alba, Brasov, Valcea, se intalnesc in piata din Saliste si se prind in hora unirii.
Lasata Secului sau intrarea in Postul Pastelui este marcata prin aprinderea unor fouri pe coastele dealurilor din apropierea satelor. Pe 23 aprilie este sabatorit Sangeorzul, o traditie inchinata primaverii regeneratoare, vietii.Sanzienele, un alt obicei dintre cele mai stravechi, care s-a pastrat intr-o frumusete nealterata de ritmurile moderne, se petrec pe 24 iunie. Si sa nu uitam ca ne aflam in imparatia oierilor: tunsul mieilor se face pe 20 iulie, de Sfantul Ilie, iar de 1 august este ziua ursului, Macovei, zi de post. La nunta, se impodobesc cu dragoste portile caselor in care locuiesc tinerii miri, iar cand vine momentul potrivit se inchide drumul nuntasilor. Numai mirele si cel ales sa le fie insurateilor nas, insotiti de un stralucitor si vesel alai de feciori, merg in petit la mireasa.


Iar la celelalt “ capat “ al vietii, cand unul dintre oamenii locului trece in randul celor drepti, clopotele rasuna pentru el in satul care i-a fost loc de venire pe lume…

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